Hence, all magazines are divided into mass and social.
Journal as a periodic document. Abstract
Journal – a periodical document containing articles or abstracts, reviews on various socio-political, industrial, scientific issues, literary and artistic works. Articles in the magazine, in comparison with the newspaper, of a larger volume, have a constant rubrication
Magazines – illustrated publications, have a broader theme than the newspaper.
The first magazine is considered to be French "Journal of Savants"… Its first issue was published in France in 1665, and the content consisted of a review of books on philosophy, literature, science, which were published in various European countries.
The magazine appeared in England in 1665, in Italy in 1668, and in Germany in 1682, but in most countries the magazine began to appear in the 18th century.
Book ® Magazine ® Newspaper
XV century 16th century in the early seventeenth century.
The task of journals is to ensure communication in various types of social practice.
As a means of information, the magazine has its own features: infinity and regularity of issues at certain intervals, the availability of published materials in the form of articles; the journal has a certain thematic direction of the content of materials, articles contained in it; special printing design.
The magazine has a permanent editorial board, which, with the consent of the governing bodies, manages the program of the publication, its functional and reader purpose, the thematic direction of the publication.
Each issue of the magazine is published throughout the year under a permanent title, but the issues have, of course, different meanings.
The magazine edition is issued in the form of the block of sheets of the printed material of a certain format fixed in a root, in a cover or a cover. Characteristic features for magazines are large page formats, two-column set.
Most journals are illustrated publications, and the availability and nature of illustrated materials is determined by the specific type of journal.
Because the magazine is published once a week or once a month, the information it contains is less up-to-date than in newspapers. But the topics are more diverse.
The information in the journal can be primary:
articles, works of art, essays.
essays, reviews, etc.
Magazines can also contain original works or translations.
The internal structure of magazine publications is determined by the rubrics and various materials by genre and volume.
The purpose of reading magazines depends a lot on the field of activity of the reader, his profession, general cultural development and interests.
The reader’s purpose determines the style of presentation of information, the subject of the publication, the nature of its materials, designed for readers of certain age categories, depending on the type of their occupation, type of activity. There are also publications designed for specific groups of the population, for example, for people with disabilities.
Hence, all magazines are divided into mass and social. Mass magazines are designed for a wide range of readers. Social – designed for individual social groups. Their task is to ensure communication in these groups.
Some magazines have supplements that are published at regular within a year of publication. The supplement to the magazine can be a non-periodical publication and published once.
According to the readership, magazines can be designed for non-specialist readers, and for specialists in certain fields of knowledge or social practice.
According to the functional purpose of the journals are divided into:
socio-political (legal, purely political, economic, popular); scientific (natural, humanitarian, general scientific); popular science (technical, science fiction buy a compare and contrast essay, natural science, general science); culturological (literary-artistic, cultural-artistic, religious); there are also professional and industry publications, gender and group (for the village, for young people, for women), etc.
Socio-political magazines contain articles and materials on current socio-political issues and are designed for a wide range of readers. This type of magazine may contain general political, economic, or satirical or entertaining works.
Scientific journals contain articles and materials on theoretical research and applied materials. Such publications are designed for researchers and are issued, as a rule, by scientific societies, academies of sciences, individual ministries, and universities.
Popular science journals contain articles and materials on the basics of science, on theoretical or experimental research in science, culture, practice, serve as disseminators of knowledge and promote self-education. The functional purpose of magazines of this type is the formation of the scientific worldview of the reader, expanding his horizons, popularizing the achievements of science and technology.
Among the magazines of this type there are a large number of publications for children and youth. Articles in such publications have a wide range of topics, contain literary and artistic works and entertainment materials.
These documents are issued by various public organizations, voluntary associations, government agencies and organizations.
Cultural journals contain works of fiction, journalistic and critical materials, analytical articles or religious topics.
Professional and industry publications are intended for employees in a particular field of activity and contain articles and other materials on economics, technology, modern technologies, organization of production and practical activities, methodological developments. Such magazines are published by certain trade unions, ministries and departments.
Magazines often lack a title page. It is not a required item for the magazine, and if the title page is still present, it contains a list of contents in addition to the source information.
Magazines can have different covers, but the source information is mandatory for all magazines.
Magazines, like newspapers, can be stored, re-read materials, collected in a folder. And because magazines are published once a month or once a week, they have the opportunity and time to think, think about tomorrow and prepare their readers for it.
Ukrainian and world mass information situation of the present. Abstract
The current media situation. World processes and faces of journalism in Ukraine
The mass information situation in Ukraine today is marked by mobility and dynamism, which in general reflects the changes and evolution of all spheres of socio-political life. Ukraine is still in transition: reforms are not being implemented vigorously enough; forces that seek to return to the old are still quite active. At the same time, there is a growing awareness in society that it depends on the OMI, not least where Ukraine is heading, on the basis of which values the public consciousness of its people will be formed.
Today, Ukraine is increasingly adapting to the world information space, and thus the development of Ukrainian journalism is increasingly influenced by the global mass communication situation, which is characterized by the following main trends in its development:
intensively developing modern communication technology that affects nature, expands the scope and deepens the content of information; the process of globalization of information networks, more rapid development of the system "Internet" which already covers more than 200 million people, generates a new type of journalism, characterized by the potential for participation of every citizen in the creation of the media; in the future, according to futurists, will happen further "splicing" man and the computer to which man "transmits" part of the functions of the brain, including the function of accumulation and storage of information; the massive increase in the number of information messages can be described today as a situation "information explosion" which requires from journalism not only a more powerful and technically advanced system of information transmission, but also the transformation of the OMI into powerful think tanks, factories of thought, capable of analyzing and commenting on numerous new layers of messages; without the help of this analytical work of OMI, the reader is unable to cope with the powerful flow of information that is heated on him every day; the understanding of states, social groups and individuals of the importance of the circulation of truthful and comprehensive information is growing; the binary role of journalism in the cultural and field space is becoming more and more apparent: it not only reproduces the socio-political and spiritual-cultural situation in the world, but also largely creates it; the number of international and transnational participants in the process of information movement in the world is growing, and hence the political, social and economic diversity of this phenomenon, especially in the field of education and culture; growing interest in comparative transcultural research, as well as in the study of public opinion and images (images) based on OMI materials; discussions on the new international economic order (NMEP) and the new international information order (NMIP) are developing; there are more and more futurists who link the further fate of world civilization with the development of information superhighways, considering the already modern post-industrial society as an information society.
The concept of a new international information order was proposed in August 1976 at the Conference of Heads of State and Government of non-aligned countries and was aimed at bridging the growing gap between developed and non-aligned countries in the provision of information and communication. The conference declaration stressed that the colonial past of developing countries had led to inequalities in information relations, and the hegemony of information imperialism threatened to turn these countries into passive consumers of one-sided or incomplete information.
Despite supporting the idea of NMIP in the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe and in UN and UNESCO documents, it was opposed by developed capitalist countries, which in the so-called Tallurian anti-declaration in the spirit of Western pluralism demanded the introduction of a simple form If someone has information and means of disseminating it, no one can prevent the dissemination of this information.